Improving Societal Conditions for the Baltic Sea Protection

PROBALT final report
PROBALT briefing on key results
Year 2 progress report
Year 1 progress report

For more relevant publications, visit (category BONUS+ reports).

Begin date 1.11.2008

End date 31.10.2011 

Grant: 794 643€

The PROBALT project suggests that the relative failure to protect the Baltic Sea cannot be explained by the lack of knowledge on ecological restrictions and requirements for the protection, but rather by the failure of transforming scientific knowledge into effective and socially acceptable protective practices. Designing policies is ultimately a social activity that depends on many conditioning socio-economic, political and cultural factors. Research on the role of such societal factors in the environmental protection of the Baltic Sea is almost nonexistent.

The PROBALT project aims to make the prevention of the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea more effective in three ways. First, it analyzes the societal conditions for the effective protection of the Baltic Sea at three levels: national level, regional level and the European Union level, using an interdisciplinary framework. Second, it provides tools to more effectively combat eutrophication. Third, PROBALT aims at increasing national concern about the state of the Baltic Sea in individual countries. This part of the project is done by engaging the media and training journalists on the politics of the protection of the Baltic Sea. Also, policy-makers in each country and in Brussels are kept informed about the research results of PROBALT as the project progresses. The goal is form an advocacy coalition that takes a leading role in promoting the protection of the Baltic Sea.


Eutrophication, societal conditions, policy tools, nutrient trading, impact

List of Participants and Principal Scientists

Finnish Institute of International Affairs, Finland


Teija Tiilikainen (Coordinator)

European University at St Petersburg, Russia

Elena Belokurova

SHIP - The Peace Research Division of the Institute of Social Sciences
of the Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel, Germany

Christian  Wellmann 

Department of Economics and Management, University of Helsinki, Finland

Markku Ollikainen

Please visit the PROBALT webpage for more information!