Assessment and Modelling Baltic Ecosystem Response

AMBER final report
AMBER briefing on key results
Year 2 progress report
Year 1 progress report

For more relevant publications, visit (category BONUS+ reports)

Begin date 1.1.2009

End date 31.12.2011

Grant: 1 704 912€

The general aim of AMBER is the implementation and application of the Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) to the Baltic Sea with a focus on the coastal ecosystem (CE). The first step of AMBER is the separation of climate from anthropogenic signals in the CE by means of a combinatorial variation in model’s boundary conditions using the output of existing regional climate change scenarios and the output of a watershed model simulating changes in land use.

The second step of AMBER is the application of models for future projections. To reduce the problem of model uncertainties, the ensemble method will be applied. The resulting projections are milestones for the development of EAM tools.

To implement the EAM concept successfully requires the best available scientific information as a basis for integrated management. Therefore, retrospective analyses on long‐term data sets, intensive modeling with different types of models and selected measurements of biogeochemical transformation processes in the near coastal area and the groundwater will be applied and integrated into a sound scientific basis for supporting the development of EAM tools such as risk assessment, mitigation strategies, and Ecological Quality Objectives. Finally, cost‐effective indicators will be developed to improve monitoring strategies and to guide management decision making. EAM with its tools will be the core of science based advice for integrated management.


Ecosystem Approach to Management and future model projections, Ecological Quality Objectives, changes in land use of catchment area, quantification of groundwater input, eutrophication

List of Participants and Principal Scientists

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany

Joachim Dippner  (Coordinator)

Forschungsverbund Berlin e. V., Germany

Behrendt Horst

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany

Michael Böttcher

University of Helsinki, Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Finland

Susanna Hietanen

Department of applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Sweden

Christoph Humborg

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Sweden

Markus Meier

University of Hamburg, Germany

Christian Möllmann

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany

Gerald Schernewski

Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, Germany

Maren Voss

Archipelago Research Institute, University of Turku, Finland

Ilppo Vuorinen

Coastal Research and Planning Institute, University Kleipeda, Lithuania  

Arturas Razinkovas

Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland

Jan Marcin Weslawski

Aalto University School of Science and Technology

Olli Simula

Please visit the AMBER webpage for more information!