Biodiversity changes – investigating causes, consequences and management implications

BIO-C3 Reusch
Project coordinator: Thorsten Reusch, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany

Total budget: EUR 3.7 million

Duration: 3.5 years, 1.1.2014-30.6.2017

BONUS BIO-C3 will investigate causes and consequences of changes in biodiversity, effects on ecosystem functioning, food web dynamics, productivity and assesses implications for environmental management and sustainable use of ecosystem goods and services. Planned biodiversity analyses will apply an integrated approach at species, genotype, population, community and ecosystem levels. Essential Baltic Sea features are low numerical species diversity, many recent immigrants, glacial relicts and simple food webs that nevertheless sustain goods and services of high economic and societal value. BONUS BIO-C3 will i) investigate genetic adaptation, eco-physiology, colonisation and role of native versus non-indigenous species, ii) advance understanding of functional links between biodiversity, external pressures and food-web interactions, and iii) improve future projections of trends in biodiversity. Biodiversity is dynamic, responding to various drivers that operate at different temporal and spatial scales. Spatio-temporal biodiversity responses will be analysed and evaluated by hindcasts and projections considering abiotic/biotic /anthropogenic drivers (climate change, eutrophication, species invasion, fisheries) and their interactions. Identified factors and processes will feed into impact assessments, guiding management policies to improve indicators of Good Environmental Status, efficacy and management of Marine Protected Areas and to conceptualise and design management evaluation frameworks.  

Key words: Biodiversity drivers, genetic adaptation and eco-physiology, food web functioning, habitat heterogeneity, management indicators

Partners: Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden

Summaries of annual reports:
BONUS BIO-C3 year 1 report

Introductory article: see BONUS in Brief December 2013

For more information visit BONUS BIO-C3's website and the BONUS projects' website.